Aetiological factors of the testicular cancer myths and reality

G. Kallinikas, K. Stravodimos

Abstract


Testicular cancer constitutes a rather rare malignant neoplasia which primarily affects younger males. The introduction of platinum in the armory of chemotherapeutic agents over the last 40 years, has led to exceptionally high rates in total cancer survivorship. At approximately the same period, the incidence of the disease has doubled. The aetiological correlations of factors are few so far, and thus, no accepted theory explaining the phenomenon has been established.  

The present study was realized by searching for published epidemiological studies on the Internet.

 

Ο καρκίνος του όρχεως αποτελεί ένα μάλλον σπάνιο κακόηθες νεόπλασμα το οποίο προσβάλλει κυρίως τις νεότερες ηλικίες. Η είσοδος της πλατίνας στη χημειοθεραπευτική φαρέτρα κατά τα τελευταία 40 έτη έχει οδηγήσει σε εξαιρετικά υψηλά ποσοστά συνολικής επιβίωσης. Κατά το ίδιο περίπου χρονικό διάστημα η επίπτωση της νόσου έχει διπλασιαστεί. Οι παράγοντες με αιτιολογική συσχέτιση είναι έως τώρα ελάχιστοι με αποτέλεσμα να μην έχει διατυπωθεί κάποια αποδεκτή θεωρεία για την εξήγηση του φαινομένου. Η παραπάνω εργασία πραγματοποιήθηκε κατόπιν αναζητήσεως δημοσιευμένων επιδημιολογικών μελετών μέσω του διαδικτύου.


Keywords


καρκίνος; όρχεις; επιδημιολογία;cancer; testicles; epidemiology

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19264/hj.v26i3.37