Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery: Scopes, lasers and disposables (part 2)

Panagiotis Mourmouris, Lazaros Lazarou, Lazaros Tzelves, Andreas Skolarikos


Flexible instrumentation is the mainstay of minimal invasive
stone surgery and this led to the invention of smaller and safer
instruments which performed remarkable good to a variety of
procedures. Further developments like digital technology and
single use ureteroscopes which along with similar technological
advances in lasers and disposables transformed flexible surgery
in a tool of paramount importance in the intrarenal surgery of
various clinical entities. This is the second part of our review of
the literature concerning the advances


flexible;ureteroscope;intrarenal surgery;lasers

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