Scrotal ultrasonography as a predictive tool for the severity of varicocele

Georgios Tsamboukas, Athanasios Papatsoris


Varicocele is a common finding in male population with a documented association with impaired spermatogenesis and subfertility. However, the majority of individuals with varicocele are not affected and thus, recognition of patients at high risk is mandatory before deciding surgical correction. Scrotal ultrasound is a noninvasive and low-cost tool for the evaluation of varicocele, which facilitates the diagnosis and adds useful information regarding its harmful potential. In this review, we discuss the significance of specific parameters of scrotal ultrasound as predictive markers in the severity of varicocele.


varicocele; color Doppler; venous size; reflux; testicular volume; hemodynamics

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