Εφαρμογές της μηχανικής των ιστών στη χειρουργική της ουρήθρας

Βασίλειος Π. Σημαιοφορίδης, Wouter F. Feitz

Abstract


Η μηχανική των ιστών αποτελεί αναπόσπαστο μέρος της αναγεννητικής ιατρικής. Βασίζεται στην αρχή της χρησιμοποίησης βιοϋλικών στην αντικατάσταση ιστών
μέσω της κατασκευής ικριωμάτων και της υπό προϋποθέσεις μεταφοράς κυττάρων σε αυτά. Οι εφαρμογές αυτές αποσκοπούν στην αντιμετώπιση παθολογικών καταστά σεων, στις οποίες ο διαθέσιμος για ανακατασκευή ιστός
είναι ανεπαρκής και δεν μπορούν να αντιμετωπιστούν με τις κλασικές χειρουργικές τεχνικές. Στο πεδίο της Ουρολογίας, ασθενείς από όλο το ηλικιακό φάσμα εμφανίζουν την ανάγκη χειρουργικής επέμβασης ανακατασκευής της
ουρήθρας, όπως στην περίπτωση υποσπαδία ή ουρηθρικών στενωμάτων. Στην ανασκόπηση αυτή παρουσιάζονται οι εφαρμογές της μηχανικής των ιστών στην αντικατάσταση τμήματος της ουρήθρας σε προκλινικό και κλινικό επίπεδο.

Keywords


ΟΥΡΗΘΡΑ; ΜΗΧΑΝΙΚΗ ΙΣΤΩΝ; ΒΙΟΫΛΙΚΑ; ΙΚΡΙΩΜΑΤΑ;URETHRA; TISSUE ENGINEERING; BIOMATERIALS; SCAFFOLDS

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19264/hj.v25i2.10